Difference between revisions of "Endometrial curettage"

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(→‎Microscopy: +Polyp)
 
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File:Histopathology of complex hyperplasia without atypia.jpg|'''Complex hyperplasia without atypia''': Cystically dilated endometrial glands lined by a single layer of columnar epithelium.<ref>{{cite journal|last1=Rao|first1=Shalinee|last2=Sundaram|first2=Sandhya|last3=Narasimhan|first3=Raghavan|title=Biological behavior of preneoplastic conditions of the endometrium: A retrospective 16-year study in south India|journal=Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology|volume=30|issue=4|year=2009|pages=131|issn=0971-5851|doi=10.4103/0971-5851.65335}}<br>- [https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Cystically-dilated-endometrial-glands-lined-by-a-single-layer-of-columnar-epithelium_fig1_46256480 Figure- available via license: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic]</ref>
 
File:Histopathology of complex hyperplasia without atypia.jpg|'''Complex hyperplasia without atypia''': Cystically dilated endometrial glands lined by a single layer of columnar epithelium.<ref>{{cite journal|last1=Rao|first1=Shalinee|last2=Sundaram|first2=Sandhya|last3=Narasimhan|first3=Raghavan|title=Biological behavior of preneoplastic conditions of the endometrium: A retrospective 16-year study in south India|journal=Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology|volume=30|issue=4|year=2009|pages=131|issn=0971-5851|doi=10.4103/0971-5851.65335}}<br>- [https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Cystically-dilated-endometrial-glands-lined-by-a-single-layer-of-columnar-epithelium_fig1_46256480 Figure- available via license: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic]</ref>
 
File:Histopathology of complex hyperplasia with atypia.jpg|'''Complex hyperplasia with atypia''': Closely packed endometrial glands with sparse intervening stroma and stratification of the lining epithelium. Epithelial cells show cytological atypia with high nucleocytoplasmic ratio, irregular clumping of nuclear chromatin, and mitotic figures.<ref>{{cite journal|last1=Rao|first1=Shalinee|last2=Sundaram|first2=Sandhya|last3=Narasimhan|first3=Raghavan|title=Biological behavior of preneoplastic conditions of the endometrium: A retrospective 16-year study in south India|journal=Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology|volume=30|issue=4|year=2009|pages=131|issn=0971-5851|doi=10.4103/0971-5851.65335}}<br>- [https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Closely-packed-endometrial-glands-with-sparse-intervening-stroma-and-stratification-of_fig2_46256480 Figure- available via license: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic]</ref>
 
File:Histopathology of complex hyperplasia with atypia.jpg|'''Complex hyperplasia with atypia''': Closely packed endometrial glands with sparse intervening stroma and stratification of the lining epithelium. Epithelial cells show cytological atypia with high nucleocytoplasmic ratio, irregular clumping of nuclear chromatin, and mitotic figures.<ref>{{cite journal|last1=Rao|first1=Shalinee|last2=Sundaram|first2=Sandhya|last3=Narasimhan|first3=Raghavan|title=Biological behavior of preneoplastic conditions of the endometrium: A retrospective 16-year study in south India|journal=Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology|volume=30|issue=4|year=2009|pages=131|issn=0971-5851|doi=10.4103/0971-5851.65335}}<br>- [https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Closely-packed-endometrial-glands-with-sparse-intervening-stroma-and-stratification-of_fig2_46256480 Figure- available via license: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic]</ref>
 +
File:Endometrial Intraepithelial Neoplasia (EIN) (46262991251).jpg|'''Endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia''' ('''EIN'''), has the following criteria:<ref name="OwingsQuick2014">{{cite journal|last1=Owings|first1=Richard A.|last2=Quick|first2=Charles M.|title=Endometrial Intraepithelial Neoplasia|journal=Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine|volume=138|issue=4|year=2014|pages=484–491|issn=1543-2165|doi=10.5858/arpa.2012-0709-RA}}</ref><br>- Architectural gland crowding<br>- Altered cytology relative to background glands<br>- Minimum size of 1 mm<br>- Exclusion of adenocarcinoma<br>- Exclusion of mimics
 
File:Histopathology of low-grade (FIGO grade 1) endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma.png|'''[[Endometrial adenocarcinoma]]'''<ref>{{cite journal|last1=Stewart|first1=Colin J.R.|last2=Crum|first2=Christopher P.|last3=McCluggage|first3=W. Glenn|last4=Park|first4=Kay J.|last5=Rutgers|first5=Joanne K.|last6=Oliva|first6=Esther|last7=Malpica|first7=Anais|last8=Parkash|first8=Vinita|last9=Matias-Guiu|first9=Xavier|last10=Ronnett|first10=Brigitte M.|title=Guidelines to Aid in the Distinction of Endometrial and Endocervical Carcinomas, and the Distinction of Independent Primary Carcinomas of the Endometrium and Adnexa From Metastatic Spread Between These and Other Sites|journal=International Journal of Gynecological Pathology|volume=38|year=2019|pages=S75–S92|issn=0277-1691|doi=10.1097/PGP.0000000000000553}}<br>- "Figures - available via license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International"</ref>, most commonly endometrioid, in which case low-grade carcinoma is distinguished from hyperplasia with atypia by the presence of glandular crowding with endometrial stromal exclusion, and significant cribriform, confluent glandular, labyrinthine, papillary/villoglandular, or non-squamous solid architecture.<ref name="RabbanGilks2019">{{cite journal|last1=Rabban|first1=Joseph T.|last2=Gilks|first2=C. Blake|last3=Malpica|first3=Anais|last4=Matias-Guiu|first4=Xavier|last5=Mittal|first5=Khush|last6=Mutter|first6=George L.|last7=Oliva|first7=Esther|last8=Parkash|first8=Vinita|last9=Ronnett|first9=Brigitte M.|last10=Staats|first10=Paul|last11=Stewart|first11=Colin J.R.|last12=McCluggage|first12=W. Glenn|title=Issues in the Differential Diagnosis of Uterine Low-grade Endometrioid Carcinoma, Including Mixed Endometrial Carcinomas|journal=International Journal of Gynecological Pathology|volume=38|year=2019|pages=S25–S39|issn=0277-1691|doi=10.1097/PGP.0000000000000512}}</ref>
 
File:Histopathology of low-grade (FIGO grade 1) endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma.png|'''[[Endometrial adenocarcinoma]]'''<ref>{{cite journal|last1=Stewart|first1=Colin J.R.|last2=Crum|first2=Christopher P.|last3=McCluggage|first3=W. Glenn|last4=Park|first4=Kay J.|last5=Rutgers|first5=Joanne K.|last6=Oliva|first6=Esther|last7=Malpica|first7=Anais|last8=Parkash|first8=Vinita|last9=Matias-Guiu|first9=Xavier|last10=Ronnett|first10=Brigitte M.|title=Guidelines to Aid in the Distinction of Endometrial and Endocervical Carcinomas, and the Distinction of Independent Primary Carcinomas of the Endometrium and Adnexa From Metastatic Spread Between These and Other Sites|journal=International Journal of Gynecological Pathology|volume=38|year=2019|pages=S75–S92|issn=0277-1691|doi=10.1097/PGP.0000000000000553}}<br>- "Figures - available via license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International"</ref>, most commonly endometrioid, in which case low-grade carcinoma is distinguished from hyperplasia with atypia by the presence of glandular crowding with endometrial stromal exclusion, and significant cribriform, confluent glandular, labyrinthine, papillary/villoglandular, or non-squamous solid architecture.<ref name="RabbanGilks2019">{{cite journal|last1=Rabban|first1=Joseph T.|last2=Gilks|first2=C. Blake|last3=Malpica|first3=Anais|last4=Matias-Guiu|first4=Xavier|last5=Mittal|first5=Khush|last6=Mutter|first6=George L.|last7=Oliva|first7=Esther|last8=Parkash|first8=Vinita|last9=Ronnett|first9=Brigitte M.|last10=Staats|first10=Paul|last11=Stewart|first11=Colin J.R.|last12=McCluggage|first12=W. Glenn|title=Issues in the Differential Diagnosis of Uterine Low-grade Endometrioid Carcinoma, Including Mixed Endometrial Carcinomas|journal=International Journal of Gynecological Pathology|volume=38|year=2019|pages=S25–S39|issn=0277-1691|doi=10.1097/PGP.0000000000000512}}</ref>
 
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Latest revision as of 15:34, 20 July 2021

Author: Mikael Häggström [notes 1]

Grossing

  • Generally submit all tissue for microscopy, even larger volumes.
  • Look for products of conception if indicated from referral and/or history

Microscopy

Look mainly for:

Hyperplasia, atypa and/or malignancy

Microscopy report

Example in a normal case:

(Optionally: Benign endometrium and endocervical mucosa without significant histopathologic changes.) Negative for neoplasia or viral cytopathic changes.

Notes

  1. For a full list of contributors, see article history. Creators of images are attributed at the image description pages, seen by clicking on the images. See Patholines:Authorship for details.

Main page

References

  1. Rao, Shalinee; Sundaram, Sandhya; Narasimhan, Raghavan (2009). "Biological behavior of preneoplastic conditions of the endometrium: A retrospective 16-year study in south India ". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology 30 (4): 131. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.65335. ISSN 0971-5851. 
    - Figure- available via license: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic
  2. Rao, Shalinee; Sundaram, Sandhya; Narasimhan, Raghavan (2009). "Biological behavior of preneoplastic conditions of the endometrium: A retrospective 16-year study in south India ". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology 30 (4): 131. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.65335. ISSN 0971-5851. 
    - Figure- available via license: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic
  3. Owings, Richard A.; Quick, Charles M. (2014). "Endometrial Intraepithelial Neoplasia ". Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 138 (4): 484–491. doi:10.5858/arpa.2012-0709-RA. ISSN 1543-2165. 
  4. Stewart, Colin J.R.; Crum, Christopher P.; McCluggage, W. Glenn; Park, Kay J.; Rutgers, Joanne K.; Oliva, Esther; Malpica, Anais; Parkash, Vinita; et al. (2019). "Guidelines to Aid in the Distinction of Endometrial and Endocervical Carcinomas, and the Distinction of Independent Primary Carcinomas of the Endometrium and Adnexa From Metastatic Spread Between These and Other Sites ". International Journal of Gynecological Pathology 38: S75–S92. doi:10.1097/PGP.0000000000000553. ISSN 0277-1691. 
    - "Figures - available via license: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International"
  5. Rabban, Joseph T.; Gilks, C. Blake; Malpica, Anais; Matias-Guiu, Xavier; Mittal, Khush; Mutter, George L.; Oliva, Esther; Parkash, Vinita; et al. (2019). "Issues in the Differential Diagnosis of Uterine Low-grade Endometrioid Carcinoma, Including Mixed Endometrial Carcinomas ". International Journal of Gynecological Pathology 38: S25–S39. doi:10.1097/PGP.0000000000000512. ISSN 0277-1691.