Fibrocystic breast changes

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Author: Mikael Häggström [note 1]


Microscopic examination


Differential diagnosis

Sclerosing adenosis may look similar to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), but IDC will:[1]

  • Not be lobular at low power
  • Have marked cellular atypia
  • Have no myoepithelial cells surrounding ducts.

When unsure, perform immunohistochemistry for myoepithelial markers (preferably p63 and calponin in breast lesions):

Immunostain with a myoepithelial marker (calponin) in sclerosing adenosis, showing myoepithelial cells surrounding the ducts, thereby excluding invasive carcinoma.


  1. For a full list of contributors, see article history. Creators of images are attributed at the image description pages, seen by clicking on the images. See Patholines:Authorship for details.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Jaya Ruth Asirvatham, M.B.B.S., Julie M. Jorns, M.D.. Breast - Fibrocystic changes - Sclerosing adenosis. Pathology Outlines. Topic Completed: 1 January 2015. Minor changes: 31 December 2020

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