Difference between revisions of "Parathyroid glands"

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File:Parathyroid Adenoma 2 (4702993415).jpg|Parathyroid '''adenoma''', histology
File:Parathyroid Adenoma 2 (4702993415).jpg|Parathyroid '''adenoma''', histology
File:Parathyroid Adenoma, FNA (5691039847).jpg|Parathyroid '''adenoma''', fine needle aspiration
File:Parathyroid Adenoma, FNA (5691039847).jpg|Parathyroid '''adenoma''', fine needle aspiration
File:Histopathology of parathyroid congestion.jpg|Parathyroid venous '''congestion''' in circulatory failure.

Revision as of 10:33, 21 July 2020

Author: Mikael Häggström [note 1]


Optionally for a comprehensive autopsy, or where there is suspicion of parathyroid pathology, an effort is made to find the parathyroid glands, and inspect them for general or focal hyper-/neoplasia.

Microscopic evaluation

Look for the main findings, which are:

  • Hyperplastic glands, often nodular and asymmetric on inspection, and microscopy frequently show increased number of oxyphil cells.[1]
  • Parathyroid adenoma.[1]

Serum calcium levels are generally elevated in patients with adenomas or hyperplastic glands containing large nodules, and often correlates with nephrosclerosis.[1]

See also


  1. For a full list of contributors, see article history. Creators of images are attributed at the image description pages, seen by clicking on the images. See Patholines:Authorship for details.

Main page


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Åkerström, G.; Rudberg, C.; Grimelius, L.; Bergström, R.; Johansson, H.; Ljunghall, S.; Rastad, J. (1986). "Histologic parathyroid abnormalities in an autopsy series ". Human Pathology 17 (5): 520–527. doi:10.1016/S0046-8177(86)80043-0. ISSN 00468177. 
  2. Piciucchi, Sara; Barone, Domenico; Gavelli, Giampaolo; Dubini, Alessandra; Oboldi, Devil; Matteuci, Federica (2012). "Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Imaging to Pathology ". Journal of Clinical Imaging Science 2: 59. doi:10.4103/2156-7514.102053. ISSN 2156-7514. 
    - This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Image sources