Heart valve

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Author: Mikael Häggström [note 1]


On this resource, the following formatting is used for comprehensiveness:

  • Minimal depth
  • (Moderate depth)
  • ((Comprehensive))


Gross processing

A granular red-brown discoloration, possibly representing bacterial vegetations.
  • Measure the dimensions of fragments. If multiple, the greatest dimension of each fragment is enough.
  • Describe and measure any pathologies, at least the greatest dimension thereof, in particular:
  • Suspected bacterial vegetations, such as granular red-brown discolorations.
  • Calcifications.
  • Look for red-brown discolorations which may be bacterial vegetations.

Gross report


((A. Labeled - ___. The specimen is received in formalin and consists of)) multiple fragments of tan-white tissue measuring 0.2 to 1.0 cm. Multiple, nodular calcifications are present measuring up to 0.2cm. (Representative sections are submitted for microscopic examination in __ cassettes.)

Microscopic examination

Look in particular for:

Microscopic reporting

Example report:

Mitral valve, resection:
Fragments of cardiac valve with marked dystrophic calcification.


  1. For a full list of contributors, see article history. Creators of images are attributed at the image description pages, seen by clicking on the images. See Patholines:Authorship for details.

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