Nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses

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Author: Mikael Häggström [note 1]

Nasal or sinonasal polyps

Look for signs of malignancy. Further information: Evaluation of suspected malignancies

Benign nasal/sinonasal polyp (not otherwise specified), consisting of hyperplastic edematous connective tissue with some seromucous glands and inflammation (mostly neutrophils and eosinophils), surrounded by respiratory or squamous epithelium.[1] It can be termed inflammatory nasal/sinonasal polyp when inflammation is more pronounced.

Main differential diagnoses:

In case of significant inflammation, take at least one high magnification look to confirm that it is mixed and that lymphocytes are not atypical (otherwise, consult hematopathology, particularly whether it could be a lymphoma, notably extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type.



Histopathology of nasal contents with chronic inflammation.jpg
Right and left sinus contents, excisions:
Benign respiratory mucosa with chronic inflammation.
Bone without significant histopathologic changes.


  1. For a full list of contributors, see article history. Creators of images are attributed at the image description pages, seen by clicking on the images. See Patholines:Authorship for details.

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  1. Michaels, Leslie (2012-12-06) (in en). Ear, Nose and Throat Histopathology . Springer Science & Business Media. p. 168. ISBN 9781447133322. 
  2. Takahara M, Kumai T, Kishibe K, Nagato T, Harabuchi Y (2021). "Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma, Nasal Type: Genetic, Biologic, and Clinical Aspects with a Central Focus on Epstein-Barr Virus Relation. ". Microorganisms 9 (7). doi:10.3390/microorganisms9071381. PMID 34202088. PMC: 8304202. Archived from the original. . 
    - "This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ("
  3. Mario L. Marques-Piubelli, M.D., Carlos A. Torres-Cabala, M.D., Roberto N. Miranda, M.D.. Extranodal NK / T cell lymphoma, nasal type. Pathology Outlines. Last author update: 5 January 2021. Last staff update: 14 October 2021

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